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机械键盘基础知识

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平常用的键盘叫做薄膜键盘,原理很简单,把整个键盘想象成为一个矩阵,横向铺上行线,纵向铺上列线,行列线交叉的位置为键位,设置一个开关,并默认为断开状态。键盘控制芯片不停地依次从每一条行线发出信号,然后检测所有的列线,当某个列线检测到信号后,就知道该行该列的键位被按下了,于是查一下码表,把这个键位的ASCII码送回电脑。

而机械键盘,则是每一个键位都是一个单独的开关,每一个键位被按下都是一个单独的信号。这样的结果是薄膜键盘有键位冲突,而机械键盘可以做到无冲突。如果是玩劲舞团,那么必须使用机械键盘。普通的薄膜键盘只能同时按下两个键,这在一般情况下无影响,但是特殊情况,比如在打CS的时候,如果按住WD往右前方跑,是无法同时按下2来切手枪的。(薄膜键盘的Ctrl、Alt、Shift、Tab、Delete等常用组合键做过特殊设计来解决键位冲突问题)

机械键盘优势就是手感和寿命。键的反弹和阻力很舒服,清晰,对于打字多的人,容易保持打字的节奏,游戏玩家会感觉按键清晰,减少误操作,而好的机械键盘耐用性好,按键弹力不会因为使用频率而明显降低。机械键盘的寿命很长。

机械键盘的轴

常见顺序为青轴、黑轴、茶轴、红轴。青轴段落感强,有打字机的节奏感,略吵,略重。黑轴反应快,但也略重。茶轴算青黑融合版,红轴算轻量版。所以到最后长期使用的有不少推荐红轴。

不过既然是玩,青轴应该去体验一下。如果腻了,可根据自己所需,再去选黑茶红。

茶轴:比起青轴,段落感要弱很多,而对比黑轴,又不是直上直下的感觉,2mm即可触发,被喻为Cherry的秋天,结合了青轴与黑轴的特点。

红轴:敲击时没有段落感,直上直下,触发键程为2.0mm(黑轴为1.5mm),敲击时更加轻松,能很好兼顾游戏和打字的使用需求。

黑轴:触感是直上直下,没有任何段落感,噪音较小。其触发键程为1.5mm,压力克数为80g,适合游戏使用,也适合快速击键打字,一些速录机也采用黑轴。因为不用按到底即可触发,有行云流水般最极速的输入快感。

青轴:段落感最强、Click声音最大,机械感最强,是机械键盘的代表轴,需下压2.4mm才可触发,打字节奏感十足,声音较大,比较吵 , 压力克数为60g。因爽快清脆的段落感被喻为Cherry的春天。

白轴:段落感比茶轴强,由于压力克数较大,所以按起来比较费力,需2.2mm可触发,如果指力较小,很容易疲劳。因为压力克数比黑轴大,所以有一种陷入雪中的段落感,被喻为Cherry的冬天。

其他轴:黄轴键程短,触发快,价格较低。光轴采用光学感应,无触点,零磨损,无杂讯,寿命较长,其触发键程为1.2mm左右,压力克数为50g。绿轴压力克数70g,有段落感,手感重,声音大。

机械键盘推荐

下面根据使用情况进行推荐:

300~400元价位:PLU ML-G 3000TKEY(黑/红,红轴为佳,但是因为没有足够的自重,只适合打字)、Noppoo Choc巧克力(黑/红,黑轴为佳,问题和ML-G3000TKEY一样)为平民版。Cherry MX-Board 2.0(黑,没有钢板,键帽设计也欠佳,手感在输入时间超过15天之后才变好)为小康版。

400~500元价位:明基KX890天机镜(黑,外形设计一般,ctrl键的外形不好,因此手感有细微差异)、CM STORM(红,键帽设计一般,键盘整体过于宽大,和cherry一样占地方)为平民版。Cherry MX-Board(2.0黑/3.0红,这款有钢板,但键帽问题和无钢板的一样)为小康版。

500~700元价位:雷柏V700(黑,手托一般,空格键感觉不好)为平民版。SteelSeries 6Gv2(黑,大回车键,我不喜欢)为小康版。Cherry G80-3000 LPCEU-0(整个键盘占地方太大了,另外大写键外形有阶梯状,这个属于个人喜好,我用起来感觉还可以)为富贵版。

700以上:SteelSeries 6Gv2(红,也是大回车键)为小康版。Cherry G80-3494 LYCUS-0(红,也是占地面积太大,大写键也是阶梯状)、Filco圣手二代(黑/红,捆线的胶条太粘毛,黑轴的红色提示灯不好看)为富贵版。

需要说明的是,除特别注明键帽材质的产品外,相当多的机械键盘键帽不会采用PBT、POM材质和二色成型键帽技术,因此键帽表面的字体依然会磨损。个人建议在磨损之后另行购买PBT键帽进行更换。

一点补充

相比薄膜键盘,机械键盘最大的优势在于游戏方面,可以做到全键无冲、相应速度极快日常使用方面,确实没必要迷信机械键盘,仅仅只是打字的话,设计优良的人体工程键盘或许有更好的体验

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